Tuesday 11 July 2017



1.  GST has implemented in India from 1st July, 2017 and it is also applicable on Housing Societies/RWAs whose gross receipt exceeds Rs. 20 lakhs per annum.
2.    GST on maintenance charges received from Members less than Rs. 5000 is exempt under GST. Hence, if membership is grater then Rs. 5000, then it will costlier to the residents as GST @18% will be payable.
3.    Expenses which are directly attributable to exempt receipt will be costly for the Societies as no Input credit is allowed.
4.    Services and Goods received from unregistered dear will be taxed by the Society under Reverse charge. Hence, more tax as well as compliance burden will be on the Societies.
5.    The GST is not applicable on municipal tax, property tax, water bill, non-agricultural land tax, sinking fund, etc. All other charges, including repair fund, attract the 18% GST levy.
6.  If the society’s maintenance amount is less than Rs 5,000 per member, but if the society’s membership base is large and the total collection exceeds Rs 20 lakh per annum, the society would be liable to pay GST.

Every Society with an aggregate turnover of over Rs 20 lakhs is required to registered under ST. The aggregate turnover includes all maintenance charges (except Municipal Tax), any miscellaneous income, and includes Bank interests.

The “Composite Scheme” is available only for Manufacturing or Trading Sectors, Hence it is not applicable on Housing Societies.

1.     As per S. No. 26 of Exemption List notified by CBEC, “Contribution received up to an amount of five thousand rupees per month per member for sourcing of goods or services from a third person for the common use of its members in a housing society or a residential complex”
Here, only Charges for ”Sourcing of goods or services from third party, for the common use” are to be considered. Thus, while water charges, common electricity charges, service charges, repair fund / maintenance charges, insurance premium, etc, are included while calculating the amount of Rs 5000/-.
2.     Water charges, may be treated as Supply of Goods, and hence attracts GST at “zero % ” as per the GST Rate table.
3.     Payment of Municipal Tax may be considered as Payment on behalf of Member as an Agent, and may be treated as outside the purview of GST and hence not taxable.

The Good and/ or Services procured by Housing Society from any Unregistered Vendor, GST has to be calculated and paid by the Society. Services and/ or Goods upto Rs. 5000/- per day from unregistered Dealer is exempt for payment under Reverse Charge.

1.     The Societies are allowed to avail Input Credits on GST paid by them to the various Vendors or through Reverse Charge.
2.     In case of Reverse Charge, the credit is available only in the month next in which GST is paid
3.     Input Tax on Fixed Assets is adjustable over a period of five years.
4.     Input tax credit will be taken on proportionate basis on Exempt supplies and taxable supplies

1.     GSTR -1 is required to be filed on or before 10th of Each month.
2.     GSTR-2 is required to be filed on or before 15th of each month.
3.     GSTR -3 is requited to be submitted by 20th for payment of Taxes
4.     GSTR -9 an Annual return to be filled by 31st December of next year
5.     GSTR – 9B [GSTR Audit Report, if the aggregate turnover exceeds Rs 1 Cr] to be filed on or before 31st of December.

Saturday 17 June 2017


Goods and Services Tax (GST) is an indirect tax throughout India to replace indirect taxes levied by the central and state governments. Exports and direct taxes like income tax, corporate tax and capital gain tax will not be affected by GST. It is a single tax which impose on the sale of goods and supply of services. Credits of input taxes paid at each stage will be available in the subsequent stage of value addition, which makes GST essentially a tax only on value addition at each stage. The final consumer will thus bear only the GST charged by the last dealer in the supply chain, with set-off benefits at all the previous stages.
GST would replaces following indirect taxes:

      1     Value Added Tax (VAT),
      2.     Octroi, 
      3.     Entry Tax, 
      4.     Purchase Tax,
      5.     Luxury Tax,
      6.     State cesses and surcharges 
      7.     Entertainment tax (other than the tax levied by the local bodies).
      8.     Taxes on lottery, betting & gambling
             1.     Central Excise Duty,
             2.     Service Tax,
             3.     Counter Veiling Duty (CVD),
             4.     Special Additional Duty of Customs                    (SAD),
             5.     Central charges and Cesses
             6.     Central Sales tax (levied by the Centre                and collected by the States)

All Businesses who makes taxable sales and services have to be registered under GST if their annual sales turnover has exceeded the prescribed threshold. Only a registered person can charge and collect GST on the taxable supplies of goods and/or services made by them. GST is charged on the value or selling price of the products.

The amount of GST incurred on input (input tax) can be deducted from the amount of GST charged (output tax) by the registered person.. If the amount of output tax is more than the input tax in the relevant taxable period, the difference shall be remitted to the Government. However, if the input tax is more than the output tax, the difference will be refunded by the Government. 

The GST will be concurrently levied by central and state government. There are three types of GST which will be implemented to help tax-payers to take credit against each other.

       a)     CENTRAL GST (CGST)
CGST will be levied by Centre Government for Intra-state movement of Goods and/or Services i.e. Local Sale of Goods and/or services.  

      b)     STATE GST (SGST)
SGST will be levied by State Government for Intra-state movement of Goods and/or Services i.e. Local Sale of Goods and/or services.

      c)      INTEGRATED GST (IGST)
IGST will be levied by Centre Government for Inter-state movement of Goods and/or Services i.e. Sale of Goods and/or services from one state to another. IGST will also apply on Imports.

A dealer in Delhi sold goods to the consumer in Delhi worth Rs. 1,000. The GST rate is 12% comprising of CGST rate of 6% and SGST rate of 6%, in such case the dealer collects Rs. 1200 and Rs. 600 will go to the central government and Rs. 600 will go to the Delhi government.
Now, if the dealer in Delhi had sold goods to a dealer in Gurgaon worth Rs. 1,000. The GST rate is 12% comprising of CGST rate of 6% and SGST rate of 6%. In such case the dealer has to charge Rs. 1,200 as IGST. This IGST will go to the Centre.

GST paid on Purchases or Input Services can be availed and utilized at time of Payment of GSt on Output Sales and Services.

 Sequence of utilization of input tax credit of GST.

Input GST
First Setoff From Output GST
Second Setoff From Output GST
Third Setoff From Output GST


A.     In the following cases Partially Input credit will be available.

When the goods and/or services are used partly for the purpose of any business and partly for other purpose
Credit shall be restricted to so much of the input tax as it attributable to the purpose of his business.
When googs and services are used partly for taxable supplies and partly for exempted supplies including reverse charge supplies.
Credit shall be restricted to so much of the input tax as it attributable to the said taxable supplies.

B.     In the following Input credit will be available if same category of output supply is made.

Motor Vehicles and other Conveyance
a) When Such motor vehicles and conveyances are further sold.
b) When used for Transportation of Passangers
c)  When used for imparting training on diving, flying, navigating such vehicles or conveyances
d)     When used for Transportation of Goods

Credit for Input Supply of food and beverages, outdoor catering, beauty treatment, health services and cosmetic and plastic surgery.

Will be available when the outward supply if same is made by the taxpayer.
Works contract service
      a)     When used for Output Service of Works Contract
       b)     When used for Movable Goods
       c)      When used for Plant and Machinery
       d)     When used for immovable goods

Not Allowed

C.     In the following cases Input credit will not be available.

1.     Sale of membership in a club, health, fitness centre.
2.     rent-a-cab, health insurance and life insurance except the following:
3.     Travel benefits extended to employees on vacation such as leave or home travel concession.
4.     Goods and/or services for construction of an immovable property whether to be used for personal or business use.
5.     Goods and/or services where tax have been paid under composition scheme
6.     Goods and/or services used for personal use.
7.     When goods lost, stolen, destroyed, written off or disposed off by way of gift or free sample.
8.     Goods or services or both received by a non-resident taxable person except for any of the goods imported by him.
9.     ITC will not be available in the case of any tax paid due to non-payment or short tax payment, excessive refund or ITC utilized or availed by the reason of fraud or willful misstatements or suppression of facts or confiscation and seizure of goods.

Wednesday 5 April 2017

WINDING UP OF COMPANY - By Registrar or Voluntarily by Company

As per Section 248 to 252 of the Companies Act, 2013, the Registrar of Companies has the powers to remove name of company from the register of companies, if the Registrar has reasonable cause to believe that:
a)  The company is not carrying on any business or operation for a period of two immediately preceding financial years and has not made any application for obtaining the status of a dormant company under section 455.
b)    The company has failed to commence its business within one year of its incorporation;

The Registrar of Companies may send a notice to the company and all the directors of the company and requests them to send representations along with copies of the relevant documents, if any, within a period of thirty days from the date of the notice.

The company may also remove its name from register of companies by filing Form STK-2 which was announced by MCA for removing name from register of companies or winding up of a company. Form STK-2 will be made available by the MCA from the 5th of April, 2017 for filing on the MCA platform.
a)     Requirements before filing STK-2
Before filing the Form STK-2 the company should fulfill all the following requirements:
1.     The company should have pay off all its liabilities
2.     A special resolution shall be passed with the consent of 75% of members in terms of paid-up share capital for removal of company name from register of companies.
3.  In case the company is regulated under a special Act, approval of the regulatory body constituted or established under that Act should also be obtained and enclosed with the application.
b)     Requirements for Filing Form STK-2
The following are the enclosures that must be attached with Form STK-2:
1.     Indemnity bond duly notarized by every director in Form STK 3;
2.    A statement of accounts comprising assets and liabilities of the company made up to a day, not exceeding thirty days before the date of application and certified by a Chartered Accountant;
3.     An affidavit in Form STK 4 by every director of the company;
4.     A copy of the special resolution accordingly certified by each of the directors of the company or approval of 75% of the members of the company in terms of paid up share capital as on the date of application
5.     A statement with reference to pending litigations, if any, involving the company.
6.     Declaration by Director or Managing Director
7.   Digitally certified by a Chartered Accountant in full-time practice or Company Secretary in full-time Practice or Cost Accountant in full-time practice.

c)      Form STK-2 cannot filed, in the following cases:
1.    The company changed its name or shifted its registered office from one State to another before three months of filing of Form STK-2;
2.  The company disposed property or rights held by it, before three months of filing of Form STK-2. This provision is not applicable for trade wherein disposal of property for gain is in the normal course of trading or carrying on of business;
3.    The company engaged in any other activity except the one which is provided in the MOA or expedient before three months of filing of Form STK-2.
4.     The company has made an application to the Tribunal for the sanctioning of a compromise or arrangement and the matter has not been finally concluded;
5.  The company is being wound up under Companies Act or under the Insolvency and  Bankruptcy Code, 2016.

d)     Effect of Removing Name from Register of Companies
1.    If STK-2 is filed and accepted by the ROC, the company would be dissolved under section 248 of the Companies Act, 2013. Further, the business would cease to operate as a company and the Certificate of Incorporation issued to it shall be deemed to have been cancelled from such date – except for the purpose of realising the amount due to the company and for the payment or discharge of the liabilities or obligations of the company.
2.     Also, if a company is closed using Form STK-2, the liability of all director, manager or other officer who was exercising any power of management, and of every member of the company would continue and can be enforced as if the company had not been dissolved.